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A Brief Introduction of Lishui Prefecture

Situated in the southwest part of Zhejiang province, Lishui prefecture covers an area of 17,300 square kilometers, with a total population of 2,500,000. Within its jurisdiction are two cities (Lishui and Longquan) and seven counties (Jinyun, Qingtian, Jingning, Yunhe, Songyang, Suichang Qingyuan), among which, Jingning is China's only Shezu autonomous county and Qingtian, the famous hometown of overseas Chinese.

Timber, waterpower, mineral deposit and wilderness are four major natural resources of Lishui prefecture that rank first in Zhejiang province. 69% of the prefecture is covered with forest, which gives it the name "Foliage Ocean of Zhejiang." The prefecture boasts potential waterpower of about 2 million kilowatt. So far, 57 mineral reserves are proved to scatter the prefecture and 460 mines are available for exploitation. Among its most important minerals, are gold, silver, lead, zinc, molybdenum, fluorite, pearlstone, pyrophylluite, dolianite, kaoline and mineral water, whose reserves claim an important place in Zhejiang, even in China. Among the 3100 species of plants and 505 species of vertebrate that are known to live in the prefecture, 64 are on the nation's preservation list, such as Baishanzu fir, Chinese tulip tree and Huanan tiger.

Lishui prefecture enjoys a convenient communication and transport. Optical cables and SPCETSS (stored program controlled electronic telephone switching system) have covered the whole prefecture and communication services such as wireless messenger call, fax, telegram and mobile phone are provided. Over 4000 kilometers of traffic roads link every sub-county of the prefecture, these, together with No.330 national highway and Jinhua-Wenzhou railway that transect the prefecture, and 11 other provincial highways, form the network of the public transport system of the prefecture.

Lishui prefecture is abundant in energy resources. With 600 hydraulic power stations in use and 500 more still under construction, the prefecture has a total power capacity of 547,000 kilowatt and an annul output of 1.5 billion KWh. Every city of the prefecture has been incorporated in the east China power network, which provides a 220,000 volt vertical and a 110,000 volt inter-regional power transmission system, with a stable substation capacity of 550,000 KVA.

In the recent years, Lishui prefecture has seen a rapid development in industry. An industry structure that carries the features of mountainous area is burgeoning. Its main industries are wood and bamboo production, ore smelting, textile, clothes making, construction materials, pharmaceutical chemistry, electronic machinery and food processing.

Over 180 brand name and high quality products of the prefecture sell well both within China and in about 100 foreign countries. Among them, wooden toys, mini electronic machinery, overedger, eider down products, gold pens and quality soaps are the most welcome. The three traditional handicrafts of the prefecture, Longquan celadon, Longquan swords, and Qingtian carved stones, enjoy high popularity both at home and abroad.

A comprehensive agricultural development program is beginning to take effect. The prefecture is now a commercial base for editable fungus, dried and fresh fruit, bamboo and bamboo shoots, tea, commercial forest, oil tea, sericulture, herb medicine, vegetable and nuts. Products like Xianggu mushroom, tree fungus, Huiming tea, white pond lily, day lily, sun-cured tobacco, orange and oil tea are produced in large quantities and well known throughout Zhejiang.

Tourism in Lishui Prefecture

Lishui is a beautiful place. Here, you can find awe-inspiring mountains, quiet woods, spectacular caverns and lovely cascades. Here are dispersed several national and provincial scenic spots---Xiandu Mountain in Jinyun, Shimeng Cavern in Qingtian, Nanming Mountain and East-West Rock in Lishui, are among the most well known---as well as three national/provincial natural reserves (Fengyang Mountain in Longquan, Baishanzu in Qingyuan, for example), and 17 national/provincial cultural relics (Dayao in Longquan, for example). Natural landscape and cultural relics combined to make the prefecture unforgettable.

Lishui is also China's biggest prefecture where Shezu people live in close communities. Jingning is the only Shezu autonomous county in china. The culture of Shezu people, their brilliant attire, their diet, marriage and religion, are sure to fascinate tourists from all parts of the world.

I. Major Tourism Zones

1 East Lishui Tourism Zone

Along Jinhua-Wenzhou railway and the main stream of River Ou are three scenic spots: Jinyun Xiandu national scenic spot, Qingtian Shimeng Cavern provincial scenic spot and Lishui Nanming Mountain & East-West Rock provincial scenic spot. Undulating mountain ridges, tortuous streams, peaceful valleys and weird-shaped rocks lure you to the heart of the zone where it is commonly described to excel "Guilin in handsomeness, Mount Huang in spectacularity, and mount Hua in exoticism." Legends have it that Dinghu hill in Xiandu is the place where Huangdi, the predecessor of our race, made pills of immortality and flew away from earth. A great amount of tablet inscription is found in Yuxu Palace and Niweng Cavern, which is said to be handed down by ancient Chinese scholars, making the two places a famous concentration of rock engraving in Zhejiang. Qingtian, the renounced hometown of overseas Chinese, bedazzled the world with its consummate skill of stone carving.

2 Xiangong Lake Vacation Resort

The second largest man-made lake in Zhejiang, Xiangong Lake was formed when a dam was built on River Ou for the construction of Jinshuitan hydraulic power station. It gets its name from the nearby Xianxia Range Mountain and Donggong Mountain. The lake extends 66 kilometers and covers a total acreage of 34 square kilometers, cutting across Yunhe county and Longquan city. Along its zigzag course and within the mountain ranges, 56 lake bends and 36 islands are found. Limpid water mirrors verdurous mountains, with water side pavilions and terraces dappling around, it presents you with a picturesque view of south China landscape. The mild and salubrious climate of the place entitles it to a wonderful summer resort as well as a recuperation center. Jinshuitan hydraulic power station, whose original design is unique in China, and Shitang hydraulic power station, the first computer controlled station in China, lie just nearby and are worth visiting.

3 Jingning Shezu Culture Tourism Zone

Shezu is a minority in China that has a long history. Jingning is the only autonomous county in China and the only minority autonomous region in east China. Shezu has a colorful culture and is best known for its beautiful legends, folk lore, pithy idioms, simple but virile dances, exquisite handicrafts, embellishments and clothes, and above all, clarion folk songs. Shezu people are gregarious, diligent, forbearing and modest, their wedding, funeral, and strange taboos mark them out as a race of distinction and individuality. The unaffected natural beauty of the place adds color to its culture and makes Jingning an irresistible place for tourists.

4 Ecological Zone

Being the largest mountainous ecological tourism zone in east China, Lishui prefecture is a natural habitat for a great number of rare plants and wild animals. The three natural preserves of the prefecture: Fengyangshan-Baishanzu national natural reserve in Qingyuan and Longquan, Jiulong provincial natural reserve in Songyang covers 51% of the total acreage of natural reserves in Zhejiang. Together with several provincial forest parks (Longyuan in Longquan, Hushan in Suichang, and Baimashan, etc.), they preserve more than 200 species of plants from 170 families and many species of wild animals, among which, 40 plant species and 20 animal species are on the nation's reservation list (83% and 67%of the total number of Zhejiang province respectively). The Huangmao peak of Fengyang Mountain is the highest mountain peak in southeast China. Baishanzu fir is listed among the 12 dying plant species by international organizations, and Jiulong Mountain is honored as the "cradle for ancient plant species in east China." What makes these ecological resources more appealing are the cultural resources of the prefecture: Haochuan cultural relics in Suichang, Tang Xianzu memorial hall, Yanqing temple tower in Songyang and Xianggu mushroom of Qingyuan. Swords and celadon of Longquan and black ceramics of Suichang are among the most famous.

5 Major Scenic Spots

  1. Jinyun---Xiandu scenic spot (Dinghu peak, Iron city, Dufeng academy of ancient learning, Lady rock, minor Chipi, Huanglong Mountain, Dayang Mountain etc.)
  2. Lishui---Tongji dam, Nanming Mountain, East-West rock, Three-Rocks temple, Wanxiangshan park etc.
  3. Qingtian---the hometown of stone carving---Shankou town, Fushan mosque, Qingtian stone carving museum, Qiansiyan arhat rock, Shimeng cavern etc.
  4. Jingning Shezu autonomous county---Daji scenic spot (Xuehuaji, Shisi temple, willow king), Caoyutang forest park, half ocean, Shezu village in Shuanghougang etc.)
  5. Qingyuan---Xiyang palace (Mushroom Fairy temple), Rulong bridge, Lanxi bridge, Yonggui bridge, Xianggu mushroom museum etc.)
  6. Longquan---ancient sword pond, Longquan celadon & sword museum, Yonghe bridge, the ancient town of Longyuan.
  7. Yunhe---Xiangong lake, Jinshuitan hydraulic power station.
  8. Suichang---Hanhui cavern, Nanjian hill scenic spot, Hushan, Baimashan forest park, Wangchunkou revolution memorial, Tang Xianzu memorial hall, Dushan historical village
  9. Songyang---Yanqing temple tower, Wanshou hill, Xipin hill, brother honorific arch, stone bamboo shoots.

II. Transport

Roads 1: Shanghai (220) Hangzhou (250) Jinyun/Xiandu (38) Lishui (84) Jingning/Shezu (22) Yunhe (75) Longquan (101) Qingyuan

Roads 2: Lishui (76) Qingtian (55) Wenzhou

Railway: Hangzhou---Jinyun/Xiandu---Lishui---Qingtian---Wenzhou

III. Routine Tour Schedules

  1. Jinyun/Xiandu one-day tour or two-day tour
  2. Xiandu, Lishui, Qingtian two-day tour or three-day tour
  3. Lishui, Yunhe, Jingning, Longquan, Qingyuan five-day tour
  4. Xiandu, Lishui, Qingtian, Wenzhou three-day tour
  5. Qiandao lake, Xiandu, Lishui five-day tour
  6. Jinhua, Xiandu, Lishui three-day tour

IV. Travel Agencies

  1. Lishui------Lishui Travel Agency telephone (0578)2123068 Qiaoshen Travel Agency telephone (0578)2132995 Lianchen Travel Agency telephone (0578)2135816
  2. Jinyun------Xinghui Travel Agency telephone (0578)2181222
  3. Qingtian------China Travel Agency Qingtian Branch telephone (0578)6833588

V. Hotels and Inns

  1. Lishui------Chuzhou Hotel (two stars) telephone (0578)2132280 Lianchen Hotel (two stars) telephone (0578)2132707 Chuzhou Inn (two stars) telephone (0578)2117722 Nanming Hotel (two stars) telephone (0578)2117780
  2. Jinyun------Xiandu Hotel (one star) telephone (0578)3131948 Xinghua Inn (foreign international) telephone (0578)3181261
  3. Qingtian------Overseas Chinese Inn (foreign international) telephone (0578)68822545 Qingtian Hotel telephone (0578)6825050
  4. Yunhe------Yunhe Hotel (one star) telephone (0578)5121205
  5. Jingning------Jingning Hotel (foreign international) telephone (0578)5082721 Jinhe Inn telephone (0578)5088888
  6. Longquan------Longquan Inn (foreign international) telephone (0578)7122606 Longquan Restaurant (foreign international) telephone (0578)7122611
  7. Yingyuan------Gucheng Hotel (two stars) telephone (0578)6123477

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